Topic 8
Transportation and Distribution


Once oil and natural gas are out of the ground, how do they get where they need to go?

The big answer is pipelines. There are over two million miles of pipelines in the United States. These pipelines are a key component of our modern economy.

Oil is transported in a combination of pipes and tank vehicles, including tanker trucks, tanker train cars, and tanker ships.

Natural gas, on the other hand, is transported by pipeline only, unless it’s in a liquefied state. Turning gas into a liquid allows developers to take advantage of stranded gas reserves, bringing more hydrocarbon energy to the market.

Would you believe that oil and natural gas are often stored in the very same reservoirs where they are found?

It’s true. Gas reserves are often held in depleted gas reservoirs, while empty salt caverns are used to store both oil and gas.

Learn More

Are you curious about storage and delivery? Want to find out more about pipelines? To learn more about the transportation and distribution of oil and natural gas, take a look at Energy 801: Transportation and Distribution.